When it comes to writing a dissertation, one of the most important aspects is referencing. Referencing is the process of acknowledging the sources that you have used in your research. It is essential to reference correctly to avoid plagiarism, which can result in a poor grade or even expulsion from your academic program. In this blog, we will discuss the importance of referencing, the different referencing styles, and how to correctly reference your dissertation.
Why is Referencing Important?
Referencing is important for several reasons. Firstly, it gives credit to the authors of the sources you have used in your academic writing. Secondly, it allows readers to find the sources that you have used and verify the information you have presented. Thirdly, it demonstrates the depth of your research and shows that you have engaged with the literature in your field of study. Finally, it helps to avoid plagiarism, which is a serious academic offence that can have severe consequences.
Types of Referencing Styles
There are several referencing styles, and the one you use will depend on your field of study and the requirements of your academic institution. The most common referencing styles are Harvard, APA, MLA, Chicago, and Vancouver. In this section, we will briefly discuss each of these styles.
- Harvard Referencing Style: The Harvard referencing style is one of the most commonly used referencing styles in the UK. It is a parenthetical style, which means that the author’s name and the year of publication are included in the text, and the full reference is provided in a reference list at the end of the document.
- APA Referencing Style: The APA (American Psychological Association) referencing style is commonly used in social science and psychology. It is also a parenthetical style and includes the author’s name and the year of publication in the text, with the full reference provided in a reference list at the end of the document.
- MLA Referencing Style: The MLA (Modern Language Association) referencing style is commonly used in humanities and language studies. It is a parenthetical style and includes the author’s name and the page number in the text, with the full reference provided in a Works Cited page at the end of the document.
- Chicago Referencing Style: The Chicago referencing style is commonly used in history, arts, and social sciences. It is a footnote or endnote style, which means that the author’s name and the publication details are included in footnotes or endnotes, and a bibliography is provided at the end of the document.
- Vancouver Referencing Style: The Vancouver referencing style is commonly used in medical and scientific fields. It is a numerical style, which means that sources are numbered in the text, and the full reference is provided in a reference list at the end of the document.
How to Correctly Reference Your Dissertation?
Now that we have discussed the importance of referencing and the different referencing styles, let’s look at how to correctly reference your dissertation. The following are some tips that will help you to reference your dissertation correctly.
- Keep track of your sources: As you conduct your research, keep a record of all the sources you use, including the author’s name, the title of the publication, and the publication date. This will save you time later when you come to compile your reference list.
- Choose a citation style: The first step in the proper citation is to choose a citation style. There are several citation styles to choose from, including APA, MLA, Chicago, and Harvard. Your university or department may have a preferred citation style, so it is important to check their guidelines.
- Understand the citation style: Once you have chosen a citation style, it is essential to understand the guidelines. Each citation style has its own rules for formatting citations, so it is important to familiarize yourself with them.
- Use a reference management tool: A reference management tool such as EndNote or Mendeley can save you a lot of time and effort in referencing your dissertation. These tools allow you to store and organize your references, insert citations into your document, and generate a reference list in the required style.
- Be consistent: Consistency is key when it comes to referencing. Make sure that you follow the same format and style throughout your writing. This includes the way you cite sources in the text, the formatting of your reference list, and the punctuation used in your references.
- Cite all sources: It is essential to cite all sources you have consulted in your assignment, even if you have only used a small portion of the information. Failure to do so can be considered plagiarism.
- Use direct quotes sparingly: Direct quotes should be used sparingly in your dissertation. Instead, paraphrase information in your own words and provide a citation to the source.
- Check your citations: Before submitting your paper, be sure to check all your citations for accuracy and completeness. Ensure that you have included all necessary information, such as author names, publication dates, and page numbers.
Referencing is a critical component of academic writing, particularly when it comes to dissertation writing. By following the key principles of referencing and using these tips, you can ensure that your references are accurate, complete, and correctly formatted.
If you still struggle to do proper referencing for your assignment writing you can ask for help from our dissertation help service. Our expert team will help you to format your dissertation with proper citations according to your university requirements.