Implementation and Innovation of Care Homes for Aged People in India

1. Introduction

1.1 Introduction

In the present project, the whole study is developed on the agile project style, which helps in the management of the innovation care support in Aged care in India. In the present project, innovative steps have been identified which need to be applied in the aged care service to improve the care given. Besides this, a project plan of the whole process has been developed to make the process an effective process for the aged patients of India. In addition, the analysis is done of the previous work on the agile project management process in aged care to understand the effective process. Besides this, the Gap in the reviewed literature is identified successfully and a suggested time is identified in the project plan section. Besides this, the analysis of the success of the project is identified with the analysis of the theories. In the project management process, leadership and management skills are required, which are identified in the present project.

The theories help in the analysis of the effectiveness of the project, which helps in the development of the whole project successfully. The aim and objectives are identified, which help in the development of the whole project, which is developed based on the Agile style. In the literature review section, the theories are identified and in the theoretical framework section, those are analysed.      

1.2 Project background

In the analysis of the present position of aged care in India, the needed developments are identified, which are managed successfully with an agile project management style. Currently, a total of 728 old age care homes are present, which need much more improvement as most of the issues are identified about lack of management process (Wishesandblessings.net, 2021). Besides this, a huge percentage of the population belongs to old age, which means their innovative care support is needed. In the year 2021, the proportion of old age people in India is 10.1% and the number of aged care homes is much lower, which needs implementation (Wishesandblessings.net, 2021). Besides this, the Indian government developed the “National Policy for Senior Citizens” in the year 2011, where a description of the effective care support for the elderly people is suggested. Therefore, in the critical analysis, improvement of the care homes is needed, which is effectively developed with the present project, which is based on the agile style.

In the management of the projects, which is based on the agile style, some steps are present which need to be followed by the project manager and teams. Five steps are present in the agile project management process “Ideation, development, testing, deployment, and operations” (Cooper and Sommer, 2018). In the development of the project in the present care service, those steps are followed to identify the implementation, which is needed in the aged care homes.

Older people are seen to be much more vulnerable than young adults as they often find less support in terms of the social security system; The older adults in the urban area generally hide and seek domestic help to meet their basic needs in increasingly crowded as well as chaotic cities (Hamiduzzamanet al., 2020). On the other hand, social isolation, as well as loneliness, have enhanced in the recent era amongst these aged people in India. In addition, to the present illnesses from which they do not recover, making insurance policies inaccessible for the elders is impacting their daily life largely. Social security and pension are also demonstrated to be restricted to the people who have worked in the industry’s organized sector or government sector (Panagiotouet al., 2021). That is why there is an urgent need to implement and improve care homes for older people to improve their social security and daily life conditions.

1.3 Context

The whole project plan has been developed based on the Indian context and the present situation of the aged care service in the country. Various environmental factors are identified in the care homes, which have an impact on the quality of the care and lifestyle of the clients. “Lack of toilets, unhygienic atmosphere, poor lighting, lack of space and lack of mental support” are creating barriers in the care service, which is provided by the Indian care homes (Parry et al. 2019). Therefore, the effective application of the project management process gives some innovative strategies for the care service of the Indian aged care homes. In the analysis of the present situation, the rate of accidents is increasing in the care homes due to lack of service and the presence of the issues, which are identified in the above section. In the year 2021, approx 33.3% of cases of domestic accidents and falls in care homes are identified in Indian care homes (Researchgate.net, 2021).

In the above discussion that is founded on the selected country in the aged care service, the appropriate project management is needed to improve the quality of the service, which is provided. In the analysis of the present care, service of the other country and India that is found the application of AI or Artificial intelligence is identified as a trend in the elderly care service (Prenissl et al. 2019). Therefore in the innovative care service process, applications of AI are increased more which are managed more effectively with the application of the Agile project management style. In addition, in the Indian region, the total number of care homes is increased more to improve the services for the elderly people, which are needed for this. The Government of India developed some effective schemes for supporting the elderly people, such as “The Health of Privileged Elders (HOPE), National Programme for the Health Care of Elderly and National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS)”.

1.4 Justification

In the above discussion, it is found that various schemes are developed for the elderly people of the selected country; rather, they face issues due to a lack of quality aged care services. In the above section, the environment of the aged care home is identified, and issues are identified which are developed due to lack of management in the home care. Therefore, the present project helps in the development of the quality of the service of care homes (Das et al. 2020). In addition, the agile style of project management is selected as it gives a better solution in the management of risk and increased flexibility in project management (Samanta, 2020). Therefore, for effective benefits, the agile project management style is selected for the management of the projects in the old age care homes in India.

Besides this, the present project helps in future research for care support for aged people in care homes in India. To reduce the accidental cases in the aged care home and improve the quality of the service in elderly homes, agile project management is developed.

2. Aim and Objectives

2.1 Aim

 This study aims to “To plan and schedule a project management process for the implementation and innovation in care homes for elderly people in India.”

2.2 Objective

The objectives of the current study include

  • To analyse the various factors in project management
  • To identify the role of innovations in project management for building care homes for aged people in India
  • To evaluate the process by which the project can implement care homes for elders
  • To prepare a detailed plan, schedule and budget for proper project implementation.

3. Literature Review

3.1 Definitions of innovation care and project management process

In the present project, the concept of innovation care is selected as the effective strategy in old age care support for people. There are some definitions which are important are listed below;

Aged care: The innovative support and care are provided to elderly people in a care home or their own house is known as aged care (Marmamula et al. 2020).

Innovative care: A treatment or non-standard support for people to enhance their well-being and improve their lifestyle is defined as innovative care.

Project management process: The application of the mythos, skills, process, experience and knowledge based on the developed objectives of the process are identified as the project management process (Xia et al. 2018).

Agile project management: Development of the software or programs based on the opinions of the customers is identified as an iterative approach which is agile project management (Buganová and Šimíčková, 2019).

Risk management: The development of the management plan for the identified risk to reduce their severity and evaluation of the effective development of the risk reduction process.

3.2 Critical analysis of innovation care by the project management process

 Innovation that is considered a management competency is crucial to be defined in a project. In this case, innovation in business refers to the translation of a concept into a valuable service. There is a huge new requirement for innovation in project management as it is capable of generating greater outcomes in a project (Davies et al., 2018). Furthermore, the project can provide a competitive edge within the market. In this context, one of the most significant aspects of innovation is that innovation is committed to providing a way for any project to stay on the right track, analyse the competition and not fall behind. In the case of agile innovation, management innovation is referred to as a methodology that is committed to bringing growth to a project.

It highly depends on the iterative improvement, high frequency as well as influencing a quick and flexible response to get validated responses. Furthermore, the implementation of agile project management in this project related to care for older people has introduced a concept of value within the project through and through, freeing the available resources and combining them within the innovation process. The current project needs to react quickly to the modifications of all kings, starting from project activities to models and implementation of the project (Biemans, 2018.)

 Implementation of innovation can be helpful in the current project by providing practical insights, tools as well as accurate metrics needed to manage the innovation projects. It can be demonstrated that around 90% of the residential aged care beds need to be managed using the digital information system involving software that helps in gaining vital information on medications as well as resident management of the patient. Thus implementation of innovation requires advanced tools and techniques to be appointed in the current project

3.3 Overview of aged care in India

The need for health care for the elderly is surging gradually in India. There are multiple families are restricted from achieving primary care for elderly people as well as opportunities for training (Oeij et al., 2019). This lot can support the current project. In recent times, the elderly are being provided with support and care by the general health care delivery system within the country, and therefore a detailed analysis of the elderly care has to be performed to improve current conditions across the country. It has been demonstrated in the previous literature that both the share as well as the size of the population is increasing. In this context, from 6% in 1961 the proportion rose to 8.6% in the year 2013. Moreover, in 2021 the percentage is 10%. It can further be estimated that it is likely to be enhanced more within 2031 by 13.1%. This indicates an urgent need for innovations in elderly care.                   

The biggest challenge in India is the financial insecurity, lack of a sense of purpose, and end-of-life preparations of the elderly people, who have been imposing problems in the current project. According to a population census done in 2011, it can be demonstrated that around 1054 million people are elderly people among the 51 million rare females whereas 53 million are male. On the other hand, according to the reports of “Technical Group on Population Projections for India and States 2011-2036” it has been demonstrated that there will be around 135 million elderly people in India in 2021. In the age group between 60 to 64 years around 76% of the people are married and 22% are widowed who need a homen(Seelhofer and Graf, 2018). On the other hand, the number of elderly female persons living in others is demonstrated to be double vis-a-vis male age. 

The “Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment” is committed to ensuring that equitable treatment to this group is provided who are suffering from exploitation, inequalities, injustice discrimination as well as homelessness. The ministry has developed certain acts to improve the conditions for the senior citizens of India (Singh et al., 2021). Further improvisations are needed within the country to improve the current conditions of older people by providing them with proper help and support.

3.4 Project management process in innovative aged care

Effective project management skills are crucial in this project as they can aid in controlling the expenses, management risks, speeding as well as managing the project outcomes. The aged care project in India helps play a crucial role in navigating the procedure from beginning to end, ensuring a seamless shift from one stage to another until the implementation of the project. In this context, it is important to specialise in delivering logistically and technically complex projects as well as providing a range of services and options depending on the type as well as issues of the project (King et al. 2019). Therefore, the implementation of smart project management tools is important in achieving a successful care facility. 

It has been demonstrated that the Australian Aged care sector is facing various challenges due to the fact that the number of persons between 60-85 is estimated to reach 4 million by the end of 2022 and “The Aged Care Financing Authority” has predicted that around 76 thousand new residential aged care are required in under such situation. Similarly in India, as is seen above the percentage of elderly people is seen to increase exponentially from 2013 to 2022 indicating a high requirement for projects related to the management of elderly people (Bhattacharyya  et al., 2020).

Effective project management is key to ensuring that the facilities are being completed in time as well as within a fixed budget (. An empathetic project management process can also be helpful in understanding the special needs of the aged care providers as well as delivering various facilities that can be able to achieve the needs of the residents living there.

The provision of services related to aged care and accommodations has been a problem for ages in India (Bitala et al., 2022). Acting according to the imposed acts is, therefore, important for managing the current condition of aged people in India and maintaining the regulations while the project management process is important to drive towards a consumer-centric system of access that can represent various new opportunities for a non-profit, government as well as private aged care providers. On the other hand, the shifting market, along with the growth of the population has indicated the need for more aged care infrastructure; capital works as well as upgraded facilities are important in managing the current project.

3.5 Identification of relevant theories

The theories that need to be followed throughout the project management process are related to management theories, leadership theories, and management theories that can influence project management through and through (Randhawa and Gugnani, 2018). The project management theory that is useful in this case is the dispatching model. On the other hand, transactional leadership will be implemented where the suitable management theory identified in the current project management process is a system that includes planning, commanding organising, control as well as coordination

3.6 Literature gap

In the analysis of the selected articles, which analysed the project management process in the care homes of India, some issues are identified. In the old age care homes of India that is found the management of the service is the main issue, which directly impacts the health of clients (Von Treueret al. 2018). In the analysis of the services of care homes for the elderly, it is found that various migrated people are present, and various people who need care rather they do not afford the services. In addition, those studies need to be focused on these gaps, which were identified as gaps in the previous research on project management based on old age care services. Besides this, those articles and previous research do not cover the use of effective AI support in elderly care, which is used in developed countries (Taylor et al. 2018). Therefore, shoe care homes need to increase the use of artificial intelligence in the care home service for the elderly people, which is in trend.

In the analysis of the selected articles, it is found that poverty is an issue in the selected country as India is a developing country. Therefore various old age people are not able to afford the care services they need, which are not covered in the previous research. Therefore some effective policy development is needed, and financial support from the Indian government is needed, which gives effective support to the patients (Morgan et al. 2018). Based those issues which are identified in the literature, which are selected for the analysis of the present situation, show various areas which are linked with environmental development. The present project is developed by following the strategies of the agile project management process, which helps in the successful management of the care program.

4. Theoretical Frameworks for Change:

4.1 Dispatching model of project management

Project management is based on the three main theories of management and these are management for planning, the thermostat model as well as the dispatching model. The former is very evident from the structure and the focus on the “Project Management Body of Knowledge” or PMBOK guide whereas the second is apparent from the PMBOK discussion. Lastly, the last model induces proper planning, execution and controlling activities. In the current project management process (Jha and Saritha, 2019) first, it is important to study whether the assumptions or the principles of the management theories are relevant or not. In such cases, a comparison between different theories can be performed. 

In the current project, the identified model for project management is the dispatching model that is designed to analyse which alternative is favourable in a system perspective that meets the demands while lowering the costs. A project centre can be decreased to a primary thermostat model in which the deviations have been set parameters are corrected. This needs various assumptions that there is a standard of performance in the project management process that can be measured as well as measured that there is a crucial relationship between management actions and the outcomes of the current projects and that the management actions can return to a desired state of the project.

Furthermore, without the theory that explains the significant relationship between the measurable parameters of any project (Özkale et al., 2018). The shortcoming of the thermostat model can cause problems that indicate the need for a more sophisticated model. The goal of these models is to effectively transform the process of projects and help them conduct them effectively. With the help of these models, it is possible to implement the project faster and at the same time ensure its accuracy by using various models that are capable of encapsulating the best possible practices. On the other hand, the projects run smoother with the help of such a model. The aim here is to align the aim of the project with the best-fitted project (Dugstad et al., 2019).

The project management models are also helpful as they are capable of determining the business that fits the best oath for the project and implementation. It also helps in analysing the opportunities to firm the project (Birken et al., 2018). The model as described earlier contains a number of tags as well as phases that the project has to go through in order to be successful (Urbach and Röglinger, 2019). The project management model in this study can provide a fresh perspective of the project as well as determine how it can be fitted with the strategy of the business by prioritising the current resources and ensuring their effects, setting the scope of the current project and scheduling and making the budget effectively from the beginning.

4.2 Transformational Leadership theory

Leadership while managing a project is crucial. In this context, project leadership is referred to as the integration of characteristics as well as the capability to adapt to the various situations that are capable of making a great leader (Urbach and Röglinger, 2019). Leadership in the current project will be helpful in driving and delivering the desired services effectively as well as efficiently. It also helps in having a clear vision throughout the project practical, in planning and scheduling as well as a capability to attract nursing and other caregivers who are efficient in their work. The current project is the type of leadership that will be implemented as transformational leadership. In this context, transformational leadership can be defined as leadership that helps in changing the social as well as individual systems. Implementing such a kind of leadership throughout the project can be useful in establishing a strong relationship throughout the project, help in serving as an ideal influence on the members of the project, decreasing the dissatisfaction among members, and help in bringing enthusiasm as well as motivation into each and every individual.

4.3 Systems theory for project management

 An effective management model is crucial to achieving success in any business. In this context, the steps for project management include project initiation, planning, project monitoring, project execution as well as the closing of the project (Keers and van Fenema, 2018). The initiation of the project is indicated by the planning and budgeting whereas the project closure can be demonstrated by finishing the implementation of care homes for the elderly people.

4.4 Impact of the changes

 Certain steps will be taken in order to innovate and implement the elderly successfully. There are certain steps that are described in table 1. In the first case, the motive to improve lighting in care homes will be undertaken. This will help in improving the conditions of the rooms and surrounding areas of the care homes. This will build better living conditions and enhance the quality of t-of life for the residents. On the other hand, it is improvements in lighting also help in making a liveable condition for the care homes. This in turn impresses the mental health conditions of the aged people living in the care homes

In the second phase, a strategy for physical activity will be implemented (Keers and van Fenema, 2018). This will be achieved by implementing facilities for physical activity. Various fitness coaches and nutritional experts will be hired to guide the residents. Implantation of such facilities will attract more people to these homes. In the end, it will be effective for taking care of the physical as well as mental health of the participants and bringing old age people into the homes. This can be able to solve the current issues related to homelessness and discrimination and injustice among older people (Nguyen et al., 2018).

 In the next step, a regular cleaning facility will be implemented again. This can be useful in making the supporting environment clean and hygienic, which will be helpful in improving the conditions of the residents. This in turn will attract more c people to the homes. In addition, help in building the trust of their families (Nguyen et al., 2018). Increasing the number of staff is also a part of the plan here to be more effective and trained and experienced staff including nurses. This will increase the workflow of w within the care homes improving the facilities and medical services. As mentioned, smart tools for project, management will be implemented that are helpful in nailing and measuring the vitals of each individual from time to time. This will help in delivering effective care-giving services (Birken et al., 2018). Besides the AI services, weekly monitoring of physical and mental health and the effectiveness of the provided services will be monitored. In this context, the residents will be provided will receive weekly health checkups, therapies and other events that will help engage will help other residents and further improve their living standards,

4.5 Application in project management

The project management technique will be applied based on the panning. In order to complete the project management, proper budgeting is done, analysing the deadline for achieving each activity (Keers and van Fenema, 2018). Furthermore, a risk analysis will be done in order to analyse the potential problems and solve them beforehand; the project will be initiated in the first

week of September.

5. Project planning

 Prior to implementing the project, a detailed donning on certain crucial aspects has been performed. In this context, first, the scope and the opportunities of the current project have been analyzed that indicate the future procedures. In the next step, detailed time planning has been done. The estimated duration of the project is around 4 months. Ninth next phase budgeting has been done that demonstrated an investment of around 17 lakhs initial costs. Lastly a quality analysis has been done in order to analyze the type of work being delivered during the time of the project and the effectiveness of each step as well as notification of possible risks.

5.1 Scope and planning

In the present section of the project planning, the procedure, Time, cost and planning of the whole project are identified as those that help in the development of the project. A Gantt chart is developed in the present section based on the time plan and planning of cost identified. Besides this, the quality of the care is identified, which helps in the development of the quality care plan for the aged people in the care homes.

5.1.1 Time

The whole project is developed with an effective care plan for the aged people, and 4 months is targeted as the Time of development of the whole project. In the below section, a table is developed based on the activities and Time which are needed by following the agile style.

ActivityTime required
Improvement of lighting of the care home1st week of September- 2nd week of September
Physical activity strategy for elderly people3rd week of September- 4th week of September
Regular cleaning of the home5th Week of September- 5th Week of September
Increased care staff1st week of October – 5th week of October
Use of AI in the care of elderly6th week of October – 3rd week of December
Weekly monitoring4th Week of December – 2nd week of January

Table 1: Time plan for Project development

(Source: Self-developed)

5.1.2 Cost

The planning of the cost for the project is developed with the identification of these sources, which help in the development of care in the aged home in India. The below table is developed for the cost, which is identified for the development of the section which is identified.

ActivityCost required (INR.)Frequency
Improvement of lighting of the care home30000Annually
Physical activity strategy for elderly people100,000Annually
Regular cleaning of the home250,000Annually
Increased care staff120,0000Annually
Use of AI in the care of elderly100,0000Annually
Weekly monitoring20,000Monthly
Total costs1,700,000

Table 2: Cost of Project development

(Source: Self-developed)

5.1.3 Quality

Based on those costs and Time, the plan needs to improve the identified section to increase the quality of the care and support the clients. Besides this, the resources of the planned cost need to be identified to make those plans successful. Based on the agile style project management process “Root cause analysis” process helps in the determination of the quality of the care (Cooper and Sommer, 2018). In the below section, a table is developed to identify the quality of the care and to identify the factors which are helpful in the development of the project. Based on those factors, the aim and objectives are identified, which helps in the development of the project (Perri et al. 2022). In the developed table, the factors are identified, which are increased quality of the project and factors which decreased the rate of success.

Factors    Increased innovative care in old age home
Improvement of care with increased staff Development of action plan Weekly monitoring Use of AI in the care plan Regular cleaning Teamwork
Factors 
Insufficient leadership Inability in the management of the project Low financial support Errors in budgets plan Errors in Time and action planningThe decreased success of the undertaken project

Table 3: Root cause table 

(Source: Self-developed)

5.2 Resources (including personnel)

In the present section, the resources, which are needed in the planning of the project, are identified, and the stakeholders of the project are identified. Those sections mainly focus on the financial resources; besides this, the personal resources are also identified by the Human resource management department of the care home (Burholt et al. 2022). There are two types of resources, which are identified as human resources, which are identified as personal resources, and financial resources. The stakeholders are also identified in the present section, and in the below section, those are described briefly;

Stakeholders:

  • Clients and elderly people
  • Care staff
  • Project manager
  • Administrative manager
  • Financial manager and team
  • licensed professionals
  • Local government
  • State survey agencies

Besides this, in the identified cost plan of the whole project, support of the local agencies is required, and needed sources of those processes are identified in the below section.

Financial resources:

  • National banks, such as “Axis Bank, Bank of India, Bank of Maharashtra and HDFC Bank” can be listed as financial resources. The care homes are taking loans from those organisations, which help them in the improvement of the care service. The organisation has taken Personal loans, loans, or OD against deposits where the interest rate is “10.30% p.a. – 10.80% p.a” (Xia et al. 2018).
  • RBI or Reserve bank of India
  • Angel investors
  • Crowd funding
  • Investors
  • Venture Capitalists

5.3 Communication

In the communication process, effective communication is needed among the team members, which improves teamwork and increases the rate of success in the project. In the communication process, Human resource management plays an important role as they help to identify the needs of the employees and staff in the care organisation (). Stakeholder analysis has been done in the present study to identify the power of every stakeholder in the agile project management process.

Stakeholder analysis:

The clients and old age people are major stakeholders of the present project development process as that innovative care is developed for those people. Development of the environment of the care centre has increased the satisfaction of the saints, which helps in the development of the total revenue of the centre (Lamine et al. 2020).

Care staff and Project managers have moderate power and moderate influence; rather, they are important in the management of the project as they are following those actions.

Other team members, such as administrative managers are, playing an important role as they have a stronger influence, and the government has lower influence and lower power (Oehmen et al. 2020). Therefore, in the critical analysis of the power of the stakeholders that are founded, clients have a major role in the management of the projects in the care homes. In the management of the communication process, a table is developed in the below section, 

ParticipantsCommunication goalProcessFrequency
ClientsIdentification of section which needs developmentDirect verbal communication Phone calls and emailDaily
StaffsSupport the clients Followed action planCollection of feedback Direct notice Emails Direct communicationWeekly
Team managers and leadersMotivate team members Development of collaborationDirect notice Emails Direct communicationPhone callsWeekly
Project managerDevelopment of agile project planDirect notice Emails Direct communicationPhone callsMonthly
Health professionalsIdentity area of health improvementDirect notice Emails Direct communicationPhone callsMonthly

Table 4: Project communication plan 

(Source: Self-developed)

5.4 Risk Management

Risk identificationSeverity of riskProbabilityMitigation strategies
Insufficient leadershipHighModerateImprovement of leadership with the application of the transformational leadership theory or democratic leadership theory. An application of those leadership theories helps all staff take part in the decision-making process (Wang et al. 2021). 
Inability in the management of the projectHighLowApplication of the dispatching model in the agile project management process is given success in the management of teams.
Low financial supportModerateLowImprovement of the resourcing process and development of relationships with investors help to increase financial support.
Errors in a budget planLowModerateTaking professional and experienced staff and use of effective technology in the development of budgets (Kunasekaranet al. 2022)
Low human resourcingModerateHighThe increased recruitment process is a lower chance of deficiency in human resources.
Lack of communicationHighModerateImprovement of the communication application of the social media and team management process is to improve communication between group members (Schwartz et al. 2018).

Table 5: Risk assessment and management table

(Source: Self-developed)

5.5 Monitoring & evaluation

In the development of the whole project, identification of the success is possible with effective monitoring processes, which need to be followed. The staffs collect feedback from the clients and elderly people about their feedback after the application of the innovative strategies and action plan (Chen et al. 2020). The project manager can take support of the technology to identify feedback from the clients about their opinion on the strategies, which are identified. Various modes of communication are identified in the communication section of the project plan. Direct communication, Gmail and phone calls are taken from the employees and clients to monitor the applied action plan (Ranhoffet al. 2019). Besides this, monthly meetings are arranged by the leaders and managers to identify recommendations of the team members and use those. As a transformational and democratic leadership process is suggested, those help the employees to take part in the decision-making process actively.

In the evaluation of the projects, which are developed, the identified action needs to be undertaken by the project manager to improve care in aged care homes in India. By weekly evaluation can be used to critically evaluate the activities and implementation plan regarding care home in India. Therefore, in the critical analysis of the whole project plan, risks of the project are identified, and implementation for those is identified (Prenisslet al. 2019). Therefore, besides limitations and issues, the whole project may be successful as agile project planning is a successful and innovative project planning.

6. Conclusion

Project management, as mentioned above is considered a detailed process for planning, executing a will implementing a particular project idea. The current study revolves around identifying, planning and implementing a project based on the implementation and innovations of old age homes within various regions of India. The aim of the current project panning it to  the crucial factors in making a successful project plan by identifying the current trends in providing care services to elderly people the planning includes budgeting and making time plans.

Analysing the overview of the current conditions of the old age people, the rising population of elderly people, ongoing discrimination, manipulation, and homelessness against them have been documented. This has indicated an urgent need for the implementation of new old age homes at improving the current conditions of the older homes by renovating lights and restructuring the rooms. A detailed project plan has been made based on the activities to be fulfilled. From the time plan, it can be demonstrated that the total time for the current study is 4 months. Lastly, budget planning has also been conducted to determine the possible costs as well as the required investments.

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